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芍药花和牡丹花的区别

绮丽
2017-05-21

#芍药#牡丹花 的形态方面

叶片

牡丹花的叶片较宽,芍药花的叶片较窄;牡丹花叶色呈现正面绿色反面淡黄色,而芍药花叶色为黑绿色;牡丹花叶片下表面有白粉,芍药花叶片茂密,颜色亮,有蜡质光泽。牡丹花的叶片多为二回三出羽状复叶。


花朵

牡丹花的花朵生于枝条顶端,多为单生,花径较长,有二十厘米,而芍药花多为数朵丛生,花径多为十五厘米左右;牡丹花花型众多,有单瓣型、荷花型、菊花型、蔷薇型、皇冠型、绣球型等等,而芍药花则没有众多花型;牡丹花花色比芍药花丰富,多年的人工栽培使得牡丹花的品种变得更加丰富。

花期

牡丹花的花期比芍药花的花期要早些,牡丹花一般是在四月份的中下旬的时候开花,而芍药花却是在五月份的上中旬的时候开花。它们的花期相差大约半个月左右。基本上可以说,春牡丹夏芍药。


根本区别

牡丹是落叶灌木,属于木本植物,最高能长到两米多高,而芍药属于宿根草本植物,最高不过一米。

最明显区别

等到冬天的时候,牡丹花会有老的枝干留在地面,而到了冬天芍药花的地上部分将会全部凋谢。
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