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兜兰怎么繁殖

权问薇
2017-05-30

播种繁殖

#兜兰 的种子是非常的小的,并且种子里的胚发育得不够完全,所以普通的播种繁殖是比较困难的。

如果我们要进行播种繁殖兜兰的话需要非常专业的技术支持,我们首先要在无菌的试管中用培养基来培养兜兰种子的胚。兜兰种子在试管中发芽之后还要经过2-3次的分苗和移植,当兜兰的幼苗在试管里长到大约3厘米高的时候就可以移除试管来培植了。用播种繁殖来繁殖的兜兰需要4-5年才会开花。

分株繁殖

用分株繁殖来繁殖兜兰是比较常用的方法,比较适合家庭种植。

分株繁殖需要一株有5-6以上叶丛的兜兰,盆栽的兜兰大约2-3年可以进行一次分株。兜兰在开花后会有一次短暂的休眠期,我们就要利用这短暂的休眠期来进行分株。

首先要将作为母株的兜兰从盆中倒出来,小心地将附着在根部的泥土清除掉,小心不要伤到兜兰的嫩芽和新芽。然后将植株分开,每份要有2-3个芽,厚大的新芽可以分成单独的一株,小的嫩芽和旧芽可以分成一株。这样就可以将分好的植株种植进花盆里了,土壤要选用肥沃的土壤,可以是腐叶土之类的肥沃土壤,种好之后将花盆摆在比较阴暗的地方,这样可以时分好的植株的根部比较容易恢复。

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