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虎皮兰叶子变软怎么办?

Miss Chen
2017-08-02

#虎尾兰 是常见的家庭盆栽植物,为百合科虎尾兰属多年生常绿草本植物,在养殖过程中经常出现叶子变软的情况,其实虎尾兰叶子变软主要有强光直晒、浇水过多、温度过低、细菌性软腐病四个原因,下面我们就一起来看一看虎皮兰叶子变软怎么办吧!

强光直晒

【原因】虎皮兰是相对耐阴的植物,在散光下养殖即可,或者在光照不是很强烈的地方,如果烈日暴晒会导致有晒斑,叶子变软等情况。

【办法】虎皮兰喜光,所以一定要让它时常接触阳光,最好是能放在可以直接被照射的地方,如果条件不允许的话,那也要放在里阳光比较近的地方,长时间置于阴暗的地方,会造成叶子发黄。

频繁浇水

【原因】虎皮兰根系不发达,浇水过于频繁容易导致虎皮兰根系缺氧,并烂根,然后引起叶子变软。

【办法】虎皮兰浇水要掌握宁干勿湿原则,春季根颈处萌发新株时要适当多浇水,保持盆土湿润,雨季切忌让盆中积水。平时可用清水擦洗叶面灰尘,保持叶片清洁光亮。一般来说,如果土质比较疏松的话,每个星期浇水两次,冬天天气较冷,只需浇一次即可。

温度过低

【原因】虎皮兰喜欢温暖的环境,温度过低虎皮兰会生长也会出现。

【办法】虎皮兰对温度的要求颇高,它的适宜生长温度为20~30℃,低于13℃即停止生长。冬天最低气温不要低于10℃,否则植株基部会发生腐烂,造成整株死亡。

细菌性软腐病

【原因】虎皮兰受细菌性软腐病危害后叶片呈浅黄绿色或灰黄色,靠地面茎部出现水渍状软腐斑,易折断。根茎呈黄色软腐,根枯死。

【办法】浇水时应避免溅到叶片上,发现病叶,及时清除并销毁。发病时可喷施12%绿乳铜600倍液或72%农用链霉素4000倍液。每7~10天喷1次,连续2~3次。
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