The Best Low-Maintenance Succulents to Grow Outdoors(2/2)

Miss Chen

Traits: Native to the southwestern United States and Baja California, Dudleya is another species that also has a lovely flower, rosette shape, and pattern, with fleshy "petals" in green, red, purple, grey, or a mix. They are sometimes confused with Echeverias, although have completely opposite growing seasons. The white and grey varieties are often covered with a chalky powder, which can wash off or get pitted or spotted when it rains. That's why this type is best kept under a patio or pergola cover.

During the summer these succulents are dormant, and prefer to be kept dry. These easy-to-care-for plants will grow on slopes, in decomposed granite (DG), in rock gardens, and in various types of containers. Flowers emerge on long stalks in shades of red, pink, yellow, and white, and attract hummingbirds.

Try These:

Dudleya brittonii
D. cymosa
D. edulis
D. lanceolata
Chalk Live Forever: D. pulverulent

Pronunciation: ech-eh-VER-ee-a

Traits: Native to the Americas, these succulents form beautiful, intricate rosettes in a variety of colors: white, grey, green, pink, and red. Leaves are fleshy and green or grey-green

Try These:

Echeveria elegans
Echeveria imbricata
E. derenbergii
E. haageana
E. Pulvinata

Pronunciation: yoo-FOR-bee-uh

Traits: Also known as spurge, there are more than 1,000 species in the euphorbia family. Some resemble cactus, others are globe-shaped, and some make striking accents in the garden. Probably the best-known euphorbia is the poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), which can be grown into shrubs or trees in mild climates.

Try These:

Euphorbia echinus
E. burmannii
E. characias 'Humpty Dumpty'
E. grandicornis
E. ingens
E. lactea
E. horrida
E. mammilllaris
E. milii 'Crown of Thorns'
E. obesa
E. obovalifolia
E. submammilaris
E. tirucalli 'Sticks on Fire'
E. x martini

Pronunciation: grap-toh-PET-al-um

Traits: Native to Mexico and the southwestern United States, most of the graptopetalum species are fleshy white or light grey succulents that form beautiful rosettes. Unlike other succulents, graptopetalum can survive a freeze and can revive after being in temperatures below 20 degrees. In the garden, it is a great-performing ground cover, and also can be used in rock gardens, on rocky slopes, spilling over garden walls, or in containers or hanging planters.

Graptoverias are hybrids of graptopetalums and echeverias, some of which are similar in color and form (rosette). The most popular types are G. 'Fred Ives' and G. 'Opalina'.

Try These:

Ghost Plant: Graptopetalum paraguayense
Graptopetalum amethystinum

Pronunication: ha-WORTH-ee-a

Traits: These natives to South Africa are quite succulent and are filled with a translucent gel that resembles that produced by the Aloe vera. Depending on the type, they can vary in size, and colors range from green to brown to variegated, like the Zebra Plant (Haworthia attenuata). Most prefer shade or dappled sunlight and grow during the winter in mild climates. Too much water or moisture can kill them.

Try These:

Zebra Plant: Haworthia attenuata
H. angustifolia
H. batesiana
H. coarctata
H. cooperi
H. cymbiformis
H. reinwardtii
H. 'Slices'
H. tessellata

Pronunciation: kal-un-KOH-ee

Traits: Native to tropical America, Africa, and southeast Asia, these succulents don't tolerate frost and prefer a moist climate. Leaves can be smooth or felted (felt plant); while flowers are often showy and come in shades of yellow, red, orange, pink, and white.

Try These:

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora (Flap jack, dog tongue plant)
K. beharensis
K. blossfeldiana
K. tomentosa

Pronunciation: SEE-dum

Traits: These succulents have fleshy leaves, but their size, shape, and color vary among the species. Some are bush and upright, while others are small and trailing. Flowers are small, starlike, and bloom in clusters. Sedums grow well in rock gardens, on banks, or in small areas that need texture or color. Larger species can be used as shrub-like plants.

Try These:

Sedum alboroseum 'Frosty Morn'

S. anglicum

Autumn Joy: S. herbstfreude

S. 'Blue Spruce'

Burro Tail: S. burrito

Dragon's Blood: S. 'Dragon's Blood'

S. multiceps

S. 'Vera Jameson'
S. pachyphyllum

Pronunciation: sen-EE-see-oh

Traits: Native to the Americas and Mediterranean regions, Senecio comes from the daisy family. There are about 100 succulent species, including the popular blue chalk or fingers that are used for borders and edges in drought tolerant landscaping. The beautiful Fishhooks species is easy to grow, requires little water, and makes an attractive hanging plant, especially in dry climates.

Try These:

Senecio mandraliscae
Fishhook Plant, String of Fishhook, or String of Bananas: Senecio radicans
Blue Chalk Sticks or Chalk Fingers: S. serpens
Himalayan Senecio: S.talinoides spp. cylindricus
String of Pearls or Beads: S.rowleyanus
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